Many people might be surprise by the fact that black tea, oolong tea and green tea all comes from the same plant known as the Camellia Sinensis. The freshly plucked tea leaves are treated using traditional heating methods to produce green tea.
How is green tea made?
After tea leaves are harvested from the Camellia Sinensis plant, the leaves are heated to prevent oxidation. The intent of the heating methods is to preserve the healthy and natural elements, keeping the freshness of the tea leaves.
Once the tea leaves are steamed, the leaves are rolled into various shapes and then dried. The rolling also helps regulate the release of natural oils and flavour from the leaves during brewing.
What is the flavour of green tea?
There are many types of green tea, a brewed green tea is typically green, yellow or light brown in colour. The taste profile can range from sweet, floral or smokey character to intense vegetal, almost seaweed-like flavour. Another contributing factor to the flavour is where the tea plant is grown and how the leaves are heated.
Chinese green tea
In Chinese tea garden, green teas are often heated by panfried in very large woks and then rolled by hand into various shapes: twisted, flat, curly or balled. The flavour of the panfried green tea is robust, produces flavours from sweet and floral character like Jasmine Green, to a smokey quality Gunpowder.
Japanese green tea
Japanese tea farms take a different approach when it comes to heating the tea leaves. After the tea leaves are plucked, they are then quickly steamed on bamboo trays over water or in a specialist steaming machine, making them easier to shape. The leaves are then rolled by hand or machine before the drying process. The steaming method produces a lighter, more intense vegetal taste profile like Japanese Sencha, it showcases the seaweed aroma, sweet and delicate flavour.
How much caffeine is in green tea?
The caffeine level depends on the type of green teas but overall it releases caffeine slowly into your bloodstream without causing the jittery effects that may associate with coffee. Along with caffeine, a natural amino acid known as L-theanine in green tea that provides calming abilities that help reduce anxiety, allowing energy to release steadily in your body and keeping you productive for longer.
Benefits of green tea
Stable energy and increase productivity: The key active property in green tea is caffeine, it also contains L-theanine, an amino acid which reduces anxiety. The combination of the two properties aid in cognitive function and stabilise energy level throughout the day.
Boost metabolism: Many studies have shown green tea enhances metabolic activities that assist with weight loss. Especially Matcha, it is used by nutritionists and fitness gurus in making healthy recipes such as Matcha smoothies, Matcha overnight oats and workout snacks.
Better skin complexion: Green tea also contains antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which help improve skin healthy and complexion.